Vahlberger Zug mine, Rothemühle

In the vicinity of Rothemühle is the Vahlberger Zug, on which the Hauptlöh and Vahlberg mines once built. The corridor means, which are worth building over a length of approx. 400 m, reached a thickness of 10 m in places.The Vahlberg mine was initially owned by the Drolshagen monastery, which had to sell the mine again in 1790. The mine changed hands more frequently in the period that followed. In 1851 the first machine shaft in the entire Siegerland-Wied district was sunk here. Nevertheless, the mine had to be closed for the time being in 1856 due to sales difficulties. It was only after the Finnentrop-Olpe railway line was built in 1875 that the Hauptlöh and Vahlberg mines began operating jointly under the name of Vahlberger Zug. A new machine shaft reached its final depth of during the First World War

360 m. At that time almost 500 miners were employed in the mine.

In 1921 the mine was finally shut down. The Vahlberger Zug mine is one of the most famous mineral discovery sites in the southern Sauerland. Beautiful rhodochrosite and malachite levels are particularly well known. There are also good specimens of “brown glass head” (goethite), bulbous and leafy crystallized lepidocrocite and spherical quartz concretions, the so-called “mountain eggs”, more frequently in the collections. The middle of the vein led to a depth of 160 m brown iron stone, then increasingly siderite with quartz as the main vein. Galena and chalcopyrite collapsed.

Postkarte_Vahlberg_Archiv_Horst_G%C3%BCn

Historical postcard from Vahlberg.

This postcard shows the pit

Vahlberger train during operating hours.

Archive: Horst Günter Koch /

Henry Weskamp, Burbach.

Belegschaft Grube Vahlberger Zug 1910.jp

Workforce at the Vahlberger Zug mine around 1910. Private photo archive.

Wenden.jpg

Malachite on Limonite. Image width: 2.8 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Malachit-Vahlberger-Zug-BB-2%2C8-mm-Rein

Malachite on Limonite. Image width: 2.8 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Malachit Vahlberger Zug 20-51-36 Reinhar

Malachite on Limonite. Image width: 25 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Malachit-Vahlberger-Zug-BB-5%2C8-mm-Rein

Malachite on Limonite. Image width: 5.8 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Cuprit-Vahlberger-Zug-BB-9-mm-Eckhard-Sc

Cuprite in limonite druse. Historical level. Image width: 9 mm. Collection: Dr. Eckhard Scholl, Kreuztal.

Rhodochrosit-Vahlberger-Zug-BB-3%2C4-mm-

Rhodochrosite on limonite. Historical level. Image width: 3.4 mm. Collection: Dr. Eckhard Scholl, Kreuztal.

Kupfer-Vahlberger-Zug-BB-3%2C8-mm-Eckhar

Copper steamed on limonite. Historical level. Image width: 3.8 mm. Collection: Dr. Eckhard Scholl, Kreuztal.

Malachit-Vahlberger-Zug-BB-31-mm-Reinhar

Malachite in limonite. A very nice find! Image width: 32 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Delafossit-Vahlberger-Zug-BB-3-mm-Reinha

Delafossite as small gray-black balls. Image width: 3 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Quarz-Vahlberger-Zug-BB-6%2C2-mm-Reinhar

Quartz crystals as sugar-like overgrowths on siderite crystals. Image width: 6.2 mm.

Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Cuprit-auf-Kupfer-Vahlberger-Zug-BB-3-mm

Cuprite octahedra sit in rows on digenous copper. Image width: 3 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Brochantit-Vahlberger-Zug-BB-3-mm-Reinha

Emerald green brochantite crystals next to water-clear quartz crystals. This is rarely found in the dump material of the Vahlberger Zug mine. Image width: 3 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Rhodochrosit Vahlberger Zug BB 17 mm Flo

Another feast for the eyes: radiant malachite! Image width: 9 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Kupfer Vahlberger Zug BB 15 mm Reinhardt

This stockpile find is a specialty. Copper tree with a length of 13 mm!

Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Rhodochrosit-%2B-Kupfer-Vahlberger-Zug-B

Rhodochrosite together with ged. Copper. Historical level. Image width: 13 mm.

Collection: Dr. Eckhard Scholl, Kreuztal.

Chalkopyrit Vahlberger Zug BB 13 mm Rein

Malachite on Limonite. Image width: 22 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Kryptomelan%20Vahlberger%20Zug%20BB%208%

Lepidocrocite on limonite. Image width: 63 mm. Collection: Josef Dreier, Herdorf.

Kupfer Vahlberger Zug BB 5 mm Matthias R

Delafossite which is transformed into goethite at the tips. Image width: 8 mm.Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Quarz%20Vahlberger%20Zug%20BB%205%20mm%2

Quartz on siderite. Image width: 5 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

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Siderite. Image width: 5 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

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Delafossite on quartz. Image width: 0.6 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Quarz%20Vahlberger%20Zug%20BB%208%20mm%2

Quartz. Image width: 8 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Delafossit Vahlberger Zug BB 0,92 mm Mat

Delafossite with a thin goethite patina. Image width: 5 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Jarosit Vahlberger Zug BB 4,6 mm Matthia

Delafossite with a thin goethite patina. Image width: 5 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Chalkosin-Djurleit mit Kupfer Vahlberger

Delafossite with a thin goethite patina. Image width: 5 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Lepidokrokit Vahlberger Zug BB 6 mm Matt

Delafossite with a thin goethite patina. Image width: 5 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Hydrohämatit bunt Vahlberger Zug BB 7 mm

Delafossite with a thin goethite patina. Image width: 5 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Malachit Vahlberger Zug BB 7 mm Matthias

Delafossite with a thin goethite patina. Image width: 5 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Kryptomelan Vahlberger Zug BB 7 mm Matth

Delafossite with a thin goethite patina. Image width: 5 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Kryptomelan auf Goethit Vahlberger Zug B

Delafossite with a thin goethite patina. Image width: 5 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Hydrohämatit Vahlberger Zug BB 8,5 mm Ma

Delafossite with a thin goethite patina. Image width: 5 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Kryptomelan%20Vahlberger%20Zug%20BB%209%

Delafossite with a thin goethite patina. Image width: 5 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.

Corkit-Kintorteit%20Vahlberger%20Zug%20B

Delafossite with a thin goethite patina. Image width: 5 mm. Collection: Matthias Reinhardt.